Project ARES: Driverless transportation system. Challenges and approaches in an unstructured road Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2021

start page

  • 1753


  • 15


  • 10

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2079-9292


  • The expansion of electric vehicles in urban areas has paved the way toward the era of autonomous vehicles, improving the performance in smart cities and upgrading related driving problems. This field of research opens immediate applications in the tourism areas, airports or business centres by greatly improving transport efficiency and reducing repetitive human tasks. This project shows the problems derived from autonomous driving such as vehicle localization, low coverage of 4G/5G and GPS, detection of the road and navigable zones including intersections, detection of static and dynamic obstacles, longitudinal and lateral control and cybersecurity aspects. The approaches proposed in this article are sufficient to solve the operational design of the problems related to autonomous vehicle application in the special locations such as rough environment, high slopes and unstructured terrain without traffic rules.


  • Computer Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • autonomous vehicles; driverless car; intelligent transportation; unstructured road; software architecture