Design and production of a new feconicralcu high-entropy alloy: Influence of powder production method on sintering Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2021

start page

  • 4342

end page

  • 4359


  • 15


  • 14

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1996-1944


  • The structure of FeCoNiCrAl1.8Cu0.5 high-entropy alloys (HEA) obtained by two different routes has been studied. The selection of the composition has followed the Hume-Rothery approach in terms of number of itinerant electrons (e/a) and average atomic radius to control the formation of specific phases. The alloys were obtained either from a mixture of elemental powders or from gas-atomised powders, being consolidated in both cases by uniaxial pressing and vacuum sin-tering at temperatures of 1200 degrees C and 1300 degrees C. The characterization performed in the sintered samples from both types of powder includes scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and density measurements. It was found that the powder production techniques give similar phases content. However, the sintering at 1300 degrees C destroys the achieved phase stability of the samples. The phases identified by all techniques and confirmed by Thermo-Calc calculations are the following: a major Co-Ni-Al-rich (P1) BCC phase, which stays stable after 1300 degrees C sintering and homogenising TT treatments; a complex Cr-Fe-rich (P2) B2 type phase, which transforms into a sigma phase after the 1300 degrees C sintering and homogenising TT treatments; and a very minor Al-Cu-rich (P3) FCC phase, which also transforms into Domain II and Domain III phases during the heating at 1300 degrees C and homogenising TT treatments.


  • Mechanical Engineering


  • alloy design; atomisation; differential thermal analysis; high entropy alloy; microstructure; powder metallurgy; thermo-calc; x-ray diffraction