The critical neck spacing in ductile plates subjected to dynamic biaxial loading: on the interplay between loading path and inertia effects Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2017

start page

  • 74

end page

  • 84


  • 108

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0020-7683

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2146


  • In this work we have investigated the emergence of a critical wavelength which characterizes the localization pattern in ductile plates subjected to dynamic biaxial loading. For that task we have used a linear stability analysis and finite element calculations. The linear stability analysis follows the 2D approach developed by Zaera et al. (2015) which includes specific features to account for inertia and stress triaxiality effects inside the necking. Two different finite element models are built: (1) a unitary cell model in which the localization is favoured by a sinusoidal geometrical perturbation and (2) a plate with constant cross section which allows to assess the collective behaviour of multiple necks. A wide spectrum of loading paths which range from plane strain to (almost) biaxial stretching has been explored. We have demonstrated that, if inertia plays a dominant role in the loading process, the influence of geometrical perturbations in the necking inception is substantially reduced and the necking pattern shows a deterministic nature. The deterministic nature is directly connected to the emergence of a critical wavelength which characterizes the neck spacing at high strain rates. This critical wavelength increases (i.e. the neck spacing increases) and becomes less prevailing (i.e. the necking pattern becomes less uniform) as we move away from plane strain to biaxial stretching. This is a key outcome of our investigation that, from the authors' knowledge, has not been previously reported in the literature.


  • Industrial Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


  • dynamic biaxial loading; inertia; necking; critical wavelength; localization pattern