Heat transfer enhancement in turbulent boundary layers with a pulsed slot jet in crossflow Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2023

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 14


  • Part C, 119595


  • 219, Part C

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1359-4311

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-5606


  • The convective heat transfer enhancement in a turbulent boundary layer (TBL) employing a pulsed, slot jet in crossflow is investigated experimentally. A parametric study on actuation frequencies and duty cycles is performed. The actuator is a flush-mounted slot jet that injects fluid into a well-behaved zero-pressure-gradient TBL over a flat plate. A heated-thin-foil sensor measures the time-averaged convective heat transfer coefficient downstream of the actuator location and the flow field is characterised by means of Particle Image Velocimetry. The results show that both the jet penetration in the streamwise direction and the overall Nusselt number increase with increasing duty cycle. The frequency at which the Nusselt number is maximised is independent of the duty cycle. The flow topology is considerably altered by the jet pulsation. A wall-attached jet rises from the slot accompanied by a pair of counter-rotating vortices that promote flow entrainment and mixing. Eventually, a simplified model is proposed which decouples the effect of pulsation frequency and duty cycle in the overall heat transfer enhancement, with a good agreement with experimental data. The cost of actuation is also quantified in terms of the amount of injected fluid during the actuation, leading to conclude that the lowest duty cycle is the most efficient for heat transfer enhancement.


  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physics


  • boundary layers; convective heat transfer enhancement; crossflow jet; flow control; pulsed flow