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In the solution of frequency- and time-domain integral equations, the singularity cancellation transformations are well-known for the treatments of the singular integrals involving Green's functions and their gradients. The cancellation transformations for strongly near-singular integrals become inaccurate and inefficient for an extremely deformed triangular patch, and this phenomenon is referred to as shape-dependent problem in this article. As the degree of the singularity increases, the shape-dependent problem of strong near-singularity is more severe than that of the weakly near-singular integrals. Furthermore, if the source triangle is deformed, the accuracy of the cancellation methods decreases when no near singularity exists. In this work, we first investigate the reason for these problems via the theoretical analysis with numerical verification. Second, an updated framework of singularity cancellation methods for strongly near-singular integrals is proposed, which has a fast and consistent convergence rate for both regular and irregular triangles. Third, some numerical experiments are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the theoretical framework and the proposed transformations.
boundary element method; integral equation; method of moments; near singularity; singularity cancellation; strongly singular integral; variable transformation