Extrusion-based additive manufacturing of Ti3SiC2 and Cr2AlC MAX phases as candidates for high temperature heat exchangers Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2022

start page

  • 841

end page

  • 849


  • 3


  • 42

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0955-2219

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-619X


  • High Temperature Heat Exchangers (HTHXs) are used in many industrial processes and are likely to become key components in green power generation. For the development of HTHXs, novel designs and new materials need to be explored. Additive manufacturing (AM) opens many possibilities for novel designs. Extrusion-based AM in general, and composite extrusion modelling (CEM) in particular, offers the opportunity of using new binder systems, that cannot be employed in other AM techniques. MAX phases, due to their ceramic-metallic properties combination, are great candidates for HTHXs. In this work, the printability of Ti3SiC2 and Cr2AlC, through CEM with an innovative sustainable binder is explored. For this purpose, rheological properties of the feedstocks and the influence of the printing parameters are studied for each MAX phase feedstock. Microstructural analysis and final sample characterisation is performed, in order to determine the suitability of this technique to obtain near-net shape MAX phase parts.


  • Materials science and engineering


  • ti3sic2; cr2alc; max phase; composite extrusion modelling (cem); additive manufacturing; pellet extrusion