Ring-oscillator with multiple transconductors for linear analog-to-digital conversion Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 15


  • 12


  • 10

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2079-9292


  • This paper proposes a new circuit-based approach to mitigate nonlinearity in open-loop
    ring-oscillator-based analog-to-digital converters (ADCs). The approach consists of driving a currentcontrolled oscillator (CCO) with several transconductors connected in parallel with different bias conditions. The current injected into the oscillator can then be properly sized to linearize the oscillator, performing the inverse current-to-frequency function. To evaluate the approach, a circuit example has been designed in a 65-nm CMOS process, leading to a more than 3-ENOB enhancement in simulation for a high-swing differential input voltage signal of 800-mVpp, with considerable less complex design and lower power and expected area in comparison to state-of-the-art circuit based solutions. The architecture has also been checked against PVT and mismatch variations, proving to be highly robust, requiring only very simple calibration techniques. The solution is especially suitable for high-bandwidth (tens of MHz) medium-resolution applications (10–12 ENOBs), such as 5G or Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices.


  • Electronics


  • 5g; data conversion; frequency modulation; iot; linearization techniques; voltage-controlled oscillator