Framing in multiple public goods games and donation to charities Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 13


  • 5


  • 8

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2054-5703


  • The vast amount of research devoted to public goods games has shown that contributions may be dramatically affected by varying framing conditions. This is particularly relevant in the context of donations to charities and non-governmental organizations. Here, we design a multiple public goods experiment by introducing five types of funds, each differing in the fraction of the contribution that is donated to a charity. We found that people contribute more to public goods when the associated social donations are presented as indirect rather than as direct donations. At the same time, the fraction of the donations devoted to charity is not affected by the framing. We have also found that, on average, women contribute to public goods and donate to charity significantly more than men. These findings are of potential interest to the design of social investment tools, in particular for charities to ask for better institutional designs from policy makers.


  • Mathematics


  • altruism; cooperation; evolutionary game theory; experiments