Study of the synthesis of MAX phase Ti3SiC2 powders by pressureless sintering = Estudio de la síntesis de polvos de la fase MAX Ti3SiC2 por sinterización sin presión Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2021

start page

  • 41

end page

  • 52


  • 1


  • 60

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0366-3175

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2173-0431


  • (copyright) 2020 SECV.MAX phases exhibit excellent combination of ceramic and metallic-like properties. In this work, MAX phase Ti3SiC2 powder was synthesized starting-off with different combinations of elemental powders and carbides. The powders used were Ti, Si, C, SiC and TiC in different combinations, molar ratios and powder size. Powders were heat treated on a vacuum furnace for different times and temperatures for in situ production of the Ti3SiC2 MAX phase. High purity synthesized samples were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to identify and quantify the different phase constituents present. The main phase constituents in the powders produced were Ti3SiC2 and TiSi2. Up to 94% of Ti3SiC2 MAX phase was obtained using Ti:SiC:C as starting powders in a molar ratio of 3:1.5:0.5. Different phase constitution was observed on the surface and the centre of the samples. An optimal starting powder composition, molar ratio, heat treatment temperature and time is proposed for the formation of high purity Ti3SiC2 MAX phase. Selected mixture was studied thermodynamically and a reaction mechanism of formation of the MAX phase is proposed.


  • Chemistry
  • Materials science and engineering


  • max phase synthesis; powder metallurgy; ti3sic2