Emotion Elicitation Under Audiovisual Stimuli Reception: Should Artificial Intelligence Consider the Gender Perspective? Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2020

start page

  • 8534-1

end page

  • 8534-22

issue

  • 22

volume

  • 17

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1660-4601

abstract

  • Identification of emotions triggered by different sourced stimuli can be applied to automatic systems that help, relieve or protect vulnerable groups of population. The selection of the best stimuli allows to train these artificial intelligence-based systems in a more efficient and precise manner in order to discern different risky situations, characterized either by panic or fear emotions, in a clear and accurate way. The presented research study has produced a dataset of audiovisual stimuli (UC3M4Safety database) that triggers a complete range of emotions, with a high level ofagreement and with a discrete emotional categorization, as well as quantitative categorization in the Pleasure-Arousal-Dominance Affective space. This database is adequate for the machine learning algorithms contained in these automatic systems. Furthermore, this work analyses the effects of gender in the emotion elicitation under audiovisual stimuli, which can help to better design the final solution. Particularly, the focus is set on emotional responses to audiovisual stimuli reproducing situations experienced by women, such as gender-based violence. A statistical study of genderdifferences in emotional response was carried out on 1332 participants (811 women and 521 men).The average responses per video is around 84 (SD = 22). Data analysis was carried out with RStudio

keywords

  • emotion elicitation; audiovisual stimuli; gender; pleasure-arousal-dominance affective space (pad space); machine learning; uc3m4safety database