- NUCLEAR FUSION Journal
- July 2020
- 8, 086017
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- The transport dynamics of impurities in the pedestal region of ITER plasmas is of crucial interest since this regulates the penetration of impurities from the edge into the core plasma, where an excessive accumulation of impurities can degrade their fusion performance. In the pedestal region of H-mode tokamak plasmas anomalous transport is highly reduced and impurity transport is found to be well described by neoclassical theory. Under these conditions, perturbations to the axisymmetric tokamak geometry can strongly affect both radial electric field and particle transport. In this work, we describe the results of numerical studies performed to quantify the effects on the pedestal ambipolar electric field and radial particle fluxes of the non-axisymmetric fields, associated with both the intrinsic toroidal field ripple and extrinsic fields applied for ELM control, for ITER Q = 10 plasma conditions with emphasis on high Z impurity transport. It is found that the effect of the ITER toroidal field ripple on high Z impurity transport is negligible. On the contrary, extrinsic three-dimensional fields applied for ELM control cause a strong modification of the pedestal ambipolar electric (to less negative values) and the appearance of multi-valued solutions for the pedestal electric field, analogue to core stellarator transport significantly increasing the outward character of neoclassical pedestal transport for both the main plasma ions (D and T in ITER) and high Z impurities, suggesting a strong modification of the background plasma profiles. Finally, it is found that, for the Z impurity, its quantitative evaluation has uncertainties (with important implications for the radial ow direction) associated with the high poloidal Mach number ~ 1, due to the high pedestal electric field....