Multi-objective optimization analysis of cutting parameters when drilling composite materials with special geometry drills Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2019

issue

  • 111187

volume

  • 225

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0263-8223

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1085

abstract

  • The cutting tool geometry is strongly influencing damage induced during drilling of composite materials. The searching of new and optimum geometries reducing the damage on the laminates is still a challenge for the scientific community and industry. This study focuses on drilling woven CFRP laminates with four different tool geometries, analyzing the influence of the cutting parameters on the cutting forces and delamination damage. The work is divided in three phases; the first phase carries out a full factorial design of experiments conducted to quantify the significance of each process parameter as well as its interaction, on the generation of delamination at the hole entry and exit as well as the thrust force and torque. The second phase uses the response surface methodology (RSM) to establish the relationships between each output variable and the input variables based on ANOVA results. Finally, a multi-objective optimization strategy has been presented using the fitting equations to select optimum ranges of design parameters that can minimize collectively the aforementioned output variables. Ultimate objective is the process improvement toward negligible defects during drilling of woven CFRP composites.

keywords

  • cfrp composites; drilling; drill bit; multi-objective process optimization