- PHYSICAL REVIEW E Journal
- November 2019
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- In a recent article, we showed how the properties of the density-density correlation function and its integral, the local structure factor, in the fluid interfacial region, in systems with short-ranged forces, can be understood microscopically by considering the resonances of the local structure factor [A. O. Parry and C. Rascón, Nat. Phys. 15, 287 (2019)]. Here, we illustrate, using mean-field square-gradient theory and the more microscopic Sullivan density functional model, and how this approach generalizes when there is liquid-gas asymmetry, i.e., when the bulk correlation lengths of the coexisting liquid and gas phases are different. In particular, we are able to express the correlation function exactly as a simple average of contributions arising from two effective Ising-symmetric systems referred to as the symmetric gas and symmetric liquid. When combined with our earlier results, this generates analytical approximations for the correlation function and the local structure factor, which are near indistinguishable from the numerical solution to the Ornstein-Zernike equations over the whole range of wave vectors. Our results highlight how asymmetry affects the correlation function structure and describes the crossover from a long-ranged Goldstone mode to short-ranged properties determined by the local density as the wave vector increases.