Collaborative learning methods and multimedia tools for the education and training of instructors: The case of FIFA referee technical instructors Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2019

start page

  • 395

end page

  • 409


  • 5


  • 36

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2056-4880


  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the new collaborative learning methods and tools used by elite FIFA referee technical instructors, referees and assistant referees to master the Laws of the Game. These tools allow instructors to learn through practical exercises off the field of play, while they carry out activities in a participative context in which they can share and improve their knowledge regarding the Laws of the Game and consequently the interpretations and the considerations soccer referees throughout the world use to make decisions on the field of play.