- January 2020
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- This study seeks to investigate whether family firms are more likely to downsize their workforce than their non‐family counterparts. Drawing on socioemotional wealth approach, we first explore the effect of family presence on workforce downsizing. Furthermore, we examine the moderating role of R&D activity on the family presence&amp;amp;amp;amp;-downsizing relationship. Our sample covers a panel of manufacturing SMEs in Spain over the 1993-2014 period. We find that family firms are less likely to downsize than non&amp;amp;amp;;8208#family firms. Our results also reveal a negative association between R&D activity and workforce downsizing. Finally, the relationship between family presence and downsizing is contingent upon R&amp;amp;amp;amp;D activity, that is, family firms engaged in R&D activities are less likely to downsize than non&amp;amp;amp;;8208#innovative family firms.