Innovative acrylic thermoplastic composites versus conventional composites: Improving the impact performances Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2019

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 13

volume

  • 217

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0263-8223

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1085

abstract

  • This study focuses on the benefits to the mechanical performance against impact loading offered by glass fiber reinforced (GFR) acrylic thermoplastic polymers, based on new room temperature cure methyl-methacrylate (MMA) matrix. Glass fiber reinforcement is a common solution for a wide variety of engineering applications based on thermoset matrices. However, its use presents some disadvantages such as adequate control of manufacturing temperature, problematic recycling and low damage tolerance. In contrast, acrylic polymers presents a high potential as an alternative matrix for thermoset composites due to their superior mechanical properties, manufacturing at low temperatures and recycled possibilities. In order to compare the mechanical behavior under impact loading of acrylic thermoplastic composites versus conventional composites, Charpy impact test and low velocity impact tests are carried out. The GFR acrylic laminate composites considered are compared to conventional composites manufactured with epoxy and polyester resins in terms of impact resistance and damage evolution. This study covers an impact energy rate from 10 to 60 J and analyses the maximum load, deflection, absorbed energy and associated damage, showing a better performance of the new GPR. acrylic thermoplastic polymers with respect to conventional GFR composites.

keywords

  • glass fiber; epoxy; polyester; acrylic thermoplastic; nanostrength; laminate composite; low velocity impact;low-velocity impact; carbon-fiber composites; mechanical-properties; fracture-behavior; resin; peek