Optimization of the operation of a flywheel to support stability and reduce generation costs using a Multi-Contingency TSCOPF with nonlinear loads Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2019

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0142-0615

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1879-3517

abstract

  • Multi-Contingency Transient Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow (MC-TSCOPF) models optimize the economic dispatch of power systems while ensuring their stability after a series of reference incidents. This paper proposes a MC-TSCOPF model that represents the power balance at each node of the system and at each sample time. The proposed model includes non-linear loads, synchronous generators, a windfarm, and a Flywheel Energy Storage system (FESS). The model is written on GAMS and solved using a standard Interior Point algorithm. This study focuses on the Fuerteventura-Lanzarote insular grid in Spain, where stability problems and load shedding cause high additional costs due to the low inertia of the system. A FESS has been recently installed in the system to improve its stability, taking advantage of its high-power capacity and rapid response. The proposed TSCOPF model has been applied to optimize the operation of the FESS to support stability in the event of a contingency. The results of the study show that 1) a proper model of non-linear loads is essential in TSCOPF studies; 2) the proposed MC-TSCOPF provides a tool for minimizing the generation costs while ensuring transient and frequency stability; and 3) it is possible to further reduce the generation costs by using the proposed model to calculate an optimal dynamic response of the FESS.

keywords

  • Energy storage; Insular grid; Nonlinear programming; Optimal power flow; Power system transient stability