Two-stage double-effect ammonia/lithium nitrate absorption cycle Articles uri icon

publication date

  • February 2016

start page

  • 228

end page

  • 237


  • 64

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1359-4311

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-5606


  • The two-stage configuration of a double-effect absorption cycle using ammonia/lithium nitrate as working fluid is studied by means of a thermodynamic model. The maximum pressure of this cycle configuration is the same as the single-effect cycle, up to 15.8 bars, being an advantage over the double-effect conventional configuration with three pressure levels that exhibits much higher maximum pressure. The performance of the cycle and the limitation imposed by crystallization of the working fluid is determined for both adiabatic and diabatic absorber cycles. Both cycles offer similar COP; however the adiabatic variant shows a larger margin against crystallization. This cycle can produce cold for external inlet evaporator temperatures down to -10 degrees C, but for this limit the crystallization could happen at high inlet generator temperatures. The maximum COP can be 1.25 for an external inlet generator temperature of 100 degrees C. This cycle shows a better COP than a typical double effect cycle with in-parallel configuration for the range of the moderate temperatures under study and using the same working fluid. Comparisons with double effect cycles using H2O/LiBr and NH3/H2O as working fluids are also offered, highlighting the present configurations advantages regarding COP, evaporation and condensation temperatures as well as crystallization. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • absorption machine; adiabatic absorber; ammonia/lithium nitrate solution; two-stage double-effect cycle; crystallization; medium temperature solar collectors; cooling system; refrigeration; performance; chillers; temperatures; collectors; mixture; options