- September 2014
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- The success in conquering the terahertz (THz) gap is subject to some facts such as maximizing the emitted power. Traditionally resonant antenna designs for continuous-wave (CW) THz photomixing include a RF choke to compensate the capacitive part of the photomixer and an antenna with a very high input impedance at its resonance to match the low value of the photomixer conductance. This communication considers that the antenna itself can provide this large impedance margin needed to directly match the photomixer, so that the RF choke can be avoided. The meander antenna constitutes an excellent candidate to achieve that goal based on the Active Integrated Antenna concept to improve both matching and radiation efficiencies. The main objective is to maximize the total efficiency and, as a consequence, the THz emitted power. A prototype working at 1.05 THz is designed and manufactured and results show a 6 dB output power improvement when compared with a conventional log-periodic antenna.
- active integrated antenna; continuous-wave (cw) photomixing; meander dipole antenna; terahertz (thz); antenna arrays; antennas; directive antennas; log periodic antennas; terahertz waves; active integrated antenna; continuous waves; cw-thz photomixing; high input impedance; photomixing; radiation efficiency; resonant antennas; terahertz; dipole antennas