Characterization of 430L porous supports obtained by powder extrusion moulding for their application in solid oxide fuel cells Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2013

start page

  • 108

end page

  • 115


  • 86

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1044-5803

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-4189


  • The characterization of 430L stainless steel planar porous supports obtained by powder extrusion moulding was performed in this work. A thermoplastic multicomponent binder based on high density polyethylene and paraffin wax was selected for the process. Green supports were shaped by extrusion moulding, and subsequently the binder was removed by a thermal cycle previously optimized. Sintering was carried out at different temperatures in low vacuum. Density of sintered parts was measured by Archimedes' method and porosity was also evaluated through a microstructural analysis by optical microscopy. The porosity degree of samples sintered at low temperature was close to 35% which is a very suitable value for their application in SOFCs. Tensile tests were carried out in order to determine mechanical strength as a function of porosity degree. Based on these results, the best feedstock composition and processing parameters were selected. The oxidation behaviour in static air at high temperature was studied, and formed oxides were characterized in a scanning electron microscope equipped with energy dispersive analysis of X-rays. X-ray diffraction experiments were performed in order to identify the formed oxides based on formula Fe2-xCrxO3. The results of these studies showed that this kind of ferritic stainless steel would be more suitable to be used as anodic supports where a rich hydrogen atmosphere ds employed. Preliminary deposition tests allowed obtaining a homogeneous Ni YSZ anode layer with a thickness of 10 pm on the porous metallic substrates.


  • powder extrusion moulding; porous stainless steel; scanning electron microscopy (sem); high-temperature oxidation; metal supported sofc