Trends in Immersive Education Research Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2012

start page

  • 2514

end page

  • 2515


  • 18


  • 18

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0948-695X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 0948-6968


  • The 21st century society poses great demands on the citizens due to rapid development and ever-changing situations. Consequently, it is expected that members of the society keep pace with these mutable situations forcing them to continuously adapt their skills and expertise. Modern instructional design, learning processes and appropriate learning environments must support the development of the aforementioned skills and expertise. Educational approaches have changed dramatically over time from less formal schooling in the agricultural society, to remedial repetitive learning in the industrialization age, to learning of competences with an understanding in today's knowledge society [Ibáñez, Crespo, Delgado Kloos 2010]. Based on that, different modern educational strategies have been developed, which include aspects such as self-directed learning, collaborative learning, experiential-based learning, and active participation. Educational approaches have also been influenced by technology, but have also increasingly applied technology over the last decades, such as motion pictures, radio, television, computers, and other emerging information and communication technologies [Chang and Gütl 2010].