Characterization of flow-induced vibrations in gas-solid fluidized beds: elements of the theory Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2013

start page

  • 181

end page

  • 196

volume

  • 93

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0009-2509

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1873-4405

abstract

  • This paper revisits the basic hypothesis underlying the measurement of flow-induced vibration in fluidized beds. A novel theoretical approach based on the standing pressure field characterizing the bed dynamics is proposed to link the pressure fluctuations to the measured accelerometer signals. The model provides a reliable prediction of the carrying frequency band and helps in designing the accelerometer measurement process. The model was tested with previous results reported in the literature as well as with piezoelectric accelerometer measurements collected from a lab-scale experimental facility. A study on accelerometer measurements was conducted to identify the main limitations expected for measuring flow-induced vibrations in a gas-solid fluidized bed. The structural response of the vessel to flow-induced vibration was mostly determined by the "bed acoustics" that can be dominated by either elastic or compression waves. Finally, the survival of an envelope process on the measured accelerometer signal guaranteed the quality of the flow dynamical information collected during the measurement process.

keywords

  • fluidization; design; instrumentation; vibration analysis; hydrodynamics; control