Numerical analyses of deflagration initiation by a hot jet Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2012

start page

  • 994

end page

  • 1010


  • 6


  • 16

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1364-7830

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1741-3559


  • Numerical simulations of axisymmetric reactive jets with one-step Arrhenius kinetics are used to investigate the problem of deflagration initiation in a premixed fuel&-air mixture by the sudden discharge of a hot jet of its adiabatic reaction products. For the moderately large values of the jet Reynolds number considered in the computations, chemical reaction is seen to occur initially in the thin mixing layer that separates the hot products from the cold reactants. This mixing layer is wrapped around by the starting vortex, thereby enhancing mixing at the jet head, which is followed by an annular mixing layer that trails behind, connecting the leading vortex with the orifice rim. A successful deflagration is seen to develop for values of the orifice radius larger than a critical value a c in the order of the flame thickness of the planar deflagration deltaL. Introduction of appropriate scales provides the dimensionless formulation of the problem, with flame initiation characterised in terms of a critical Damköhler number Deltac=(a c/deltaL)2, whose parametric dependence is investigated. The numerical computations reveal that, while the jet Reynolds number exerts a limited influence on the criticality conditions, the effect of the reactant diffusivity on ignition is much more pronounced, with the value of Deltac increasing significantly with increasing Lewis numbers...


  • Chemistry
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Physics


  • deflagration; ignition; transient hot jet; starting vortex; differential diffusion