Study of CT-based positron range correction in high resolution 3D PET imaging Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2011

start page

  • 172

end page

  • 175

issue

  • S1

volume

  • 648

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 0168-9002

abstract

  • Positron range limits the spatial resolution of PET images and has a different effect for different isotopes and positron propagation materials. Therefore it is important to consider it during image reconstruction, in order to obtain optimal image quality. Positron range distributions for most common isotopes used in PET in different materials were computed using the Monte Carlo simulations with PeneloPET. The range profiles were introduced into the 3D OSEM image reconstruction software FIRST and employed to blur the image either in the forward projection or in the forward and backward projection. The blurring introduced takes into account the different materials in which the positron propagates. Information on these materials may be obtained, for instance, from a segmentation of a CT image. The results of introducing positron blurring in both forward and backward projection operations was compared to using it only during forward projection. Further, the effect of different shapes of positron range profile in the quality of the reconstructed images with positron range correction was studied. For high positron energy isotopes, the reconstructed images show significant improvement in spatial resolution when positron range is taken into account during reconstruction, compared to reconstructions without positron range modeling. [NIMA_4th International Conference on Imaging techniques in Subatomic Physics, Astrophysics, Medicine, Biology and Industry]

keywords

  • positron emission tomography; computed tomography; positron range; image quality; monte carlo simulation