Effect of the NH3-LiNO3 concentration and pressure in a fog-jet spray adiabatic absorber Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2012

start page

  • 430

end page

  • 437

volume

  • 37

international standard serial number (ISSN)

  • 1359-4311

electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)

  • 1873-5606

abstract

  • This paper presents the effect that both the ammonia concentration in an ammonia-lithium nitrate solution and the absorber pressure have on the adiabatic absorption of ammonia vapour by droplets generated by a fog-jet injector. The injector ensemble is located at 205 mm from the bottom of the absorber. The solution has an ammonia mass fraction varying from 0.419 to 0.586 and the absorber pressure varies from 429 to 945 kPa. This is representative of the operating conditions for conventional absorption chiller cycles, but also for advanced cycles such as those with a booster compressor located in series between evaporator and absorber. This leads to a higher than common pressure in the absorber. Results show approach to equilibrium factors higher than 0.83, being the mean value of the experiments 0.9. The absorption ratio obtained was between 0.008 and 0.07. The increase in pressure and inlet subcooling increases the absorption rate, whilst the increase in the ammonia mass fraction increases the approach to equilibrium factor, decreasing the absorption rate.

keywords

  • adiabatic droplet absorber ; approach to equilibrium factor ; absorption chiller ; ammonia-lithium nitrate