electronic international standard serial number (EISSN)
Hydrodynamic ram (HRAM) is a phenomenon that occurs when a high-energy object penetrates a fluid-filled container. The projectile transfers its momentum and kinetic energy through the fluid to the surrounding structure increasing the risk of catastrophic failure and excessive structural damage. It is of particular concern in the design of wing fuel tanks for aircraft since it has been identified as one of the important factors in aircraft vulnerability. For the present work, water-filled aluminium square tubes (6063-T5) were subjected to impact by steel spherical projectiles (12.5 mm diameter) at impact velocities of 600&-900 m/s. The aluminium tubes were filled at different volumes to study how an air layer inside the tank might influence the impact behaviour. The test boxes were instrumented with five strain gauges and two pressure transducers. The formation process of the cavity was recorded with a high-speed camera. This work presents the results of these tests.