A VCO-based ADC with inherent mixing capability and local oscillator suppression in 55nm CMOS Articles uri icon

publication date

  • May 2023

start page

  • 3338

end page

  • 3342


  • 9


  • 70

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1549-7747

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3791


  • This brief introduces a new circuit that can be used as a mixer and as a VCO-ADC simultaneously. The power supply nodes of the inverters in a ring oscillator are sorted in two sets, and connected to two different input signals. We prove mathematically that the oscillator frequency of such configuration reacts to the product of the two analog inputs. Therefore, the ring oscillator can be used as an ADC to directly digitize the low pass down converted component. A first system-level approach is made to minimize the non desired beat components by a proper number of taps in the ring oscillator. To confirm the concept of the Mixer VCO-ADC and its performance, a 55nm CMOS chip has been designed and fabricated. Measurements show a SNDR of 51.3 dB in a 100 kHz bandwidth in the down converted signal from a 1.001 MHz input signal mixed with a 1 MHz local oscillator.


  • Electronics


  • mixers; inverters; ring oscillators; local oscillators: voltage-controlled oscillators; frequency modulation; amplitude modulation