Frequency-modulated OFDM: A new waveform for high-mobility wireless communications Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2023

start page

  • 540

end page

  • 552


  • 1


  • 71

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-6778

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-0857


  • This paper introduces a novel waveform for wireless communication, denoted as Frequency-Modulated Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (FM-OFDM). By frequency-modulating an OFDM signal and further defining a suitable cutoff subcarrier, the resulting constant-envelope waveform (ensuring a low Peak to Average Power Ratio) exhibits strong robustness not only to Doppler, but also to phase noise and carrier frequency offsets. These impairments introduce an additive error term at the information-bearing subcarriers that is mostly concentrated at the lowest part of the spectrum. No inter-carrier interference is thus present, and impairments can be easily overcome by mapping the information above a cutoff subcarrier. Theoretical expressions and numerical results prove the superiority of FM-OFDM over the state of the art, particularly in high-speed Rayleigh channels and/or high phase noise.


  • Telecommunications


  • frequency modulation; frequency division multiplexing; doppler effect; phase noise