Private set intersection: New generic constructions and feasibility results Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2017

start page

  • 481

end page

  • 502

issue

  • 3

volume

  • 11

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1930-5346

abstract

  • In this paper we focus on protocols for private set intersection (PSI), through which two parties, each holding a set of inputs drawn from a ground set, jointly compute the intersection of their sets. Ideally, no further information than which elements are actually shared is compromised to the other party, yet the input set sizes are often considered as admissible leakage. In the unconditional setting we evidence that PSI is impossible to realize and that unconditionally secure size-hiding PSI is possible assuming a set-up authority is present in an set up phase. In the computational setting we give a generic construction using smooth projective hash functions for languages derived from perfectly-binding commitments. Further, we give two size-hiding constructions: the first one is theoretical and evidences the equivalence between PSI, oblivious transfer and the secure computation of the AND function. The second one is a twist on the oblivious polynomial evaluation construction of Freedman et al. from EUROCRYPT 2004. We further sketch a generalization of the latter using algebraic-geometric techniques. Finally, assuming again there is a set-up authority (yet not necessarily trusted) we present very simple and efficient constructions that only hide the size of the client's set.

subjects

  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics
  • Telecommunications

keywords

  • homomorphic encryption; oblivious pseudorandom evaluation; private set intersection; size-hiding; unconditional security