Terror attacks and election outcomes in Europe, 1970-2017 Articles uri icon

publication date

  • August 2022

start page

  • 110770-1

end page

  • 110770-9


  • 110770


  • 219

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0165-1765

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-7374


  • With only a few exceptions, previous studies on terror attacks and election outcomes have focused on a particular country or attack, limiting their generalizability. We use data on 393 legislative elections held in 39 European countries during the period 1970-2017 to estimate the effects of terror attacks on election outcomes. Terror attacks occurring shortly before an election are associated with an increase in an index of nationalist vote share.


  • Economics


  • elections; nationalism; terror attack; terrorism