- Photonics Journal
- May 2023
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
- This paper presents a transition taper for coupling light between optical fibers with different geometries and refractive index profiles used in Power over Fiber (PoF) systems. Global energy efficiency and costs are critical parameters when delivering high power to remote areas. High-power lasers have maximum coupling for large core fibers, while widespread multimode optical (OM1) fibers used in optical communications are cheaper. We study the optical losses between large core fibers (200 µm) and OM1 fibers (62.5 µm) theoretically and experimentally. We demonstrate that improvements of 2 dB can be obtained by adding the new tapered structure to the system, compared to the direct splice between both fibers. There is good agreement between measured and calculated loss values using a new Gaussian loss model to describe splices between tapered and straight fibers. The fabrication of the transition taper is also described. We also measure the numerical aperture (NA) changes in the downtaper zone and demonstrate that the lower the NA of the input light, the higher the efficiency improvement.
- optical fiber; energy efficiency; power over fiber; fiber coupling; tapers