An Age of Splendour for Contemporary Spanish Animation: Evolution of an Industry over the last Four Decades Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2022

start page

  • 302

end page

  • 317


  • 3


  • 17

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1746-8477

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1746-8485


  • Animation in Spain is currently experiencing a golden age. This study identifies 1985 as the starting point for this era and proposes a periodization of the more than three decades since, during which time 120 Spanish animated films have been released. The establishment of new regional institutions during Spain' transition to democracy was the driving force behind this development, as the newly created governments saw in animation a means of transmitting the culture and language of their own region to new generations. Since the arrival of CGI and the incorporation of Spain into international trade networks, Spain has become the fifth largest producer of animation worldwide and the second largest in Europe. The model has evolved into a transnational cinema model based on private capital and globalized content that has achieved profitability, high export ratios and international recognition.


  • animation; democratic transition; feature film; regional cinema; transnational cinema; spain