A Delta Sigma Modulator-Based Stochastic Divider Articles uri icon


  • Tang, Xiaochen
  • Niknia, Farzad
  • Wang, Ziheng
  • Tang, Wei
  • Louri, Ahmed
  • Lombardi, Fabrizio

publication date

  • August 2022

start page

  • 3272

end page

  • 3283


  • 8


  • 69

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1549-8328

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-0806


  • The divider is one of the most complex hardware units in Stochastic Computing (SC); even though several new designs have been presented to reduce the computation latency of the conventional divider, all of them still require a considerable number of clock cycles. Moreover, they incur in low performance due to the employed arithmetic computational scheme. In this paper, a Delta Sigma Modulator (DSM) based stochastic divider is proposed. As an entirely digital circuit, the proposed divider offers the best computation latency and accuracy over all existing stochastic dividers found in the technical literature (with a typical reduction between 66.8% and 96.9% in the number of clock cycles and a reduction from 10-3.4 to 10-3.9 in the average mean square error for a 10-bit resolution). An SC-based Neural Network (NN) is considered as an initial case study to evaluate the advantages of the proposed design in an emerging application; results show that the proposed divider enables an SC-based NN to achieve a higher classification accuracy and hardware efficiency than existing designs. To show the flexibility of the proposed divider design, its application to Sobol-based sequences is also presented; also in this case, its superiority over other designs is confirmed. These features make the proposed design very attractive for hardware-constrained platforms; moreover, such a novel design approach that incorporates ideas from analog/mixed signal circuit design into a digital circuit design, can motivate other researchers to design efficient SC designs using similar schemes.


  • Computer Science
  • Telecommunications


  • delta sigma modulator; divider; neural network; stochastic computing