A 3D Analysis of Cleared Human Melanoma Articles uri icon

publication date

  • July 2022

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 16


  • 7, 1580


  • 10

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2227-9059


  • Cutaneous melanoma is one of the most aggressive and deadliest cancers in human beings due to its invasiveness and other factors. Histopathological analysis is crucial for a proper diagnosis. Optical tissue clearing is a novel field that allows 3D image acquisition of large-scale biological tissues. Optical clearing and immunolabeling for 3D fluorescence imaging has yet to be extensively applied to melanoma. In the present manuscript, we establish, for the first time, an optical clearing and immunostaining procedure for human melanoma and human cell line-derived melanoma xenograft models using the CUBIC (clear, unobstructed brain imaging cocktails) technique. We have successfully cleared the samples and achieved 3D volumetric visualization of the tumor microenvironment, vasculature, and cell populations.


  • Biology and Biomedicine
  • Industrial Engineering


  • 3d imaging; light-sheet microscopy; melanoma; spim; tissue clearing; vasculature