Banking Union's accountability system in practice : a health check-up to Europe's financial heart Articles uri icon

publication date

  • April 2022

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 31


  • 28

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1351-5993

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1468-0386


  • The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) and Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM) form the Banking Union, which comprises EU authorities (ECB and SRB) and national authorities (NCAs and NRAs) with vast powers. Although crucial for its legitimacy, the Banking Union"s accountability is flawed, and not for the (stereo)typical reasons: accountability is a visible concept in SSM and SRM regulations, and political, administrative and judicial bodies are knowledgeable, engaged and thorough. Rather, this article posits that the SSM and SRM work very well because the legislature focused on practical details such as information flows, planning and continuity and coordination, while there has been no comparable effort to ensure the functioning of accountability tools. The result is a 'system” characterised by limited access to crucial information, lack of continuity, and uncoordinated functioning. Changing this should not be hard but requires replacing blanket criticism and stereotypical views with greater attention to detail.


  • banking; banking union; unión bancaria; accountability