A novel multifunctional material was developed by hard TiN particle reinforcement addition to a beta-type Ti40Nb alloy, followed by surface functionalization, yielding the formation of a nanotubular layer. Corrosion and tribocorrosion behaviors were investigated in a phosphate-buffered saline solution at body temperature. The results revealed that the Ti40Nb−TiN composites presented similar ipass and E(i=0) values together with relatively similar Rox and Cox. However, its tribocorrosion resistance drastically improved (wear volume is almost 15 times lower than an unreinforced alloy) as a consequence of the load-carrying effect given by the reinforcement phases. The corrosion and tribocorrosion behaviors were further improved through surface functionalization as observed by significantly lower ipass and higher Rox values and almost undetectable wear volume loss from tribocorrosion tests due to the formation of a well-adhered anatase−rutile TiO2-based nanotubular layer.
Materials science and engineering
metal matrix composites; beta-type ti alloys; nanotubes; corrosion; tribocorrosion