Multichannel detection of acoustic emissions and localization of the source with external and internal sensors for partial discharge monitoring of power transformers Articles uri icon

publication date

  • December 2021

start page

  • 7873

end page

  • 7893


  • 23


  • 14

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1996-1073


  • The detection of acoustic emissions with multiple channels and different kinds of sensors (external ultrasound electronic sensors and internal optical fiber sensors) for monitoring power transformers is presented. The source localization based on the times of arrival was previously studied, comparing different strategies for solving the location equations and the most efficient strategy in terms of computational and complexity costs versus performance was selected for analyzing the error propagation. The errors of the acoustic emission source location (localization process) are evaluated from the errors of the times of arrival (detection process). A hybrid programming architecture is proposed to optimize both stages of detection and location. It is formed by a virtual instrumentation system for the acquisition, detection and noise reduction of multiple acoustic channels and an algorithms-oriented programming system for the implementation of the localization techniques (back-propagation and multiple-source separation algorithms could also be implemented in this system). The communication between both systems is performed by a packet transfer protocol that allows continuous operation (e.g., on-line monitoring) and remote operation (e.g., a local monitoring and a remote analysis and diagnosis). For the first time, delay errors are modeled and error propagation is applied with this error source and localization algorithms. The 1% mean delay error propagation gives an accuracy of 9.5 mm (dispersion) and a maximum offset of 4 mm (less than 1% in both cases) in the AE source localization process. This increases proportionally for more severe errors (up to 5% reported). In the case of a multi-channel internal fiber-optic detection system, the resulting location error with a delay error of 2% is negligible when selecting the most repeated calculated position. These aim at determining the PD area of activity with a precision of better than 1% (less than 10 mm in 110 cm).


  • Electronics


  • acoustic emission; denoising; hybrid programming system (labview¿matlab); labview; multichannel instrumentation; optical fiber sensors; partial discharges; power transformers; source location; ultrasonic detection