Nonlinear dynamics and transport driven by energetic particle instabilities using a gyro-Landau closure model Articles uri icon


  • Spong, D. A.
  • Van Zeeland, M. A.
  • Heidbrink, W. W.
  • Du, X.
  • Ghai, Y.

publication date

  • November 2021

start page

  • 2

end page

  • 16


  • 11


  • 61

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0029-5515

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1741-4326


  • Energetic particle (EP) destabilized Alfvén eigenmode (AE) instabilities are simulated for a DIII-D experimental case with a pulsed neutral beam using a gyro-Landau moments model which introduces EP phase-mixing effects through closure relations. This provides a computationally efficient reduced model which is applied here in the nonlinear regime over timescales that would be difficult to address with more complete models. The long timescale nonlinear evolution and related collective transport losses are examined including the effects of zonal flow/current generation, nonlinear energy cascades, and EP profile flattening. The model predicts frequencies and mode structures that are consistent with experimental observations. These calculations address issues that have not been considered in previous modelling: The EP critical gradient profile evolution in the presence of zonal flows/currents, and the dynamical nature of the saturated state. A strong level of intermittency is present in the predicted instability-driven transport; this is connected to the zonal flow growth and decay cycles and nonlinear energy transfers. Simulation of intermittent AE-enhanced EP transport will be an important issue for the protection of plasma facing components in the next generation of fusion devices.


  • Nuclear Energy


  • alfven; energetic particle; gyrofluid; instability; nonlinear; tokamak; transport