Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Epsilon iron oxide (ε-Fe2O3) coatings on Si(100) substrates are obtained by an easy one-pot sol-gel recipe assisted by glycerol in an acid medium. Glycerol, given its small dimensions, enables the formation of ε-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with a size of a few nanometers and the highest purity is reached in coatings after a densification treatment at 960 °C. The structural and compositional evolution up to 1200 °C is studied by confocal Raman microscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy techniques, correlating the existing magnetic properties. We report a novel characterization method, which allows monitoring the evolution of the precursor micelles as well as the intermediate and final phases formed. Furthermore, the inherent industrial technology transfer of the sol-gel process is also demonstrated with the ε-Fe2O3 polymorph, impelling its application in the coatings form.
Materials science and engineering
epsilon iron oxide; sol-gel method; glycerol as a steric agent; x-ray absorption spectroscopy; confocal raman microscopy; magnetism