Stability of expanding accretion shocks for an arbitrary equation of state Articles uri icon

publication date

  • November 2021

volume

  • 927

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1120

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1469-7645

abstract

  • We present a theoretical stability analysis for an expanding accretion shock that does not involve a rarefaction wave behind it. The dispersion equation that determines the eigenvalues of the problem and the explicit formulae for the corresponding eigenfunction profiles are presented for an arbitrary equation of state and finite-strength shocks. For spherically and cylindrically expanding steady shock waves, we demonstrate the possibility of instability in a literal sense, a power-law growth of shock-front perturbations with time, in the range of ¿𝑐<¿<1+2¿2, where ¿ is the D'yakov-Kontorovich parameter, ¿𝑐 is its critical value corresponding to the onset of the instability and ¿2 is the downstream Mach number. Shock divergence is a stabilizing factor and, therefore, instability is found for high angular mode numbers. As the parameter ¿ increases from ¿𝑐 to 1+2¿2, the instability power index grows from zero to infinity. This result contrasts with the classic theory applicable to planar isolated shocks, which predicts spontaneous acoustic emission associated with constant-amplitude oscillations of the perturbed shock in the range ¿𝑐<¿<1+2¿2. Examples are given for three different equations of state: ideal gas, van der Waals gas and three-terms constitutive equation for simple metals.