Non-Boussinesq stability analysis of natural-convection gaseous flow on inclined hot plates Articles uri icon

publication date

  • June 2017

start page

  • 949

end page

  • 957


  • 109

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0017-9310

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-2189


  • The buoyancy-driven boundary-layer flow that develops over a semi-infinite inclined hot plate is known to become unstable at a finite distance from the leading edge, characterized by a critical value of the Grashof number Gr based on the local boundary-layer thickness. The nature of the resulting instability
    depends on the inclination angle /, measured from the vertical direction. For values of / below a critical value /c the instability is characterized by the appearance of spanwise traveling waves, whereas for/ > /c the bifurcated flow displays Görtler-like streamwise vortices. The Boussinesq approximation,
    employed in previous linear stability analyses, ceases to be valid for gaseous flow when the wall-to-
    ambient temperature ratio Hw is not close to unity. The corresponding non-Boussinesq analysis is pre-
    sented here, accounting also for the variation with temperature of the different transport properties. A
    temporal stability analysis including nonparallel effects of the base flow is used to determine curves of
    neutral stability, which are then employed to delineate the dependences of the critical Grashof number
    and of its associated wave length on the inclination angle / and on the temperature ratio Hw for the two
    instability modes, giving quantitative information of interest for configurations with Hw 1 1. The
    analysis provides in particular the predicted dependence of the crossover inclination angle /c on Hw ,
    indicating that for gaseous flow with Hw 1 1 spanwise traveling waves are predominant over a range of inclination angles 0 6 / 6 /c that is significantly wider than that predicted in the Boussinesq approximation.


  • Mechanical Engineering


  • natural convection; inclined hot plate; non-boussinesq effects; vortex instability; wave instability