Endogenous Approach of a Frequency-Constrained Unit Commitment in Islanded Microgrid Systems Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 22


  • 19 (6290)


  • 14

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1996-1073


  • Power reserves are usually scheduled in day-ahead unit commitment (UC) to minimize operating costs while maintaining system security. In applying basic UC (bUC) after a contingency, the system frequency may fall upon the activation of the load-shedding global control (under-frequency load-shedding or UFLS) limits. Small isolated microgrids are more sensitive to this issue due to their lack of inertia. Including dynamic considerations into the bUC problem can minimize UFLS activation and also avoid the need for the operator to later check the short-term feasibility of a bUC solution. These proposals are known as Frequency-Constrained UC (FCUC), although the implementation are very time-consuming. FCUC implementation will increase the system"s operational costs, which should be calculated to estimate remuneration to the safety service based on the additional reserve provision. The electrical system of Gran Canaria island has suffered several episodes of greater blackouts in recent years. Shortly, there will be 242 MW of wind generation installed (26% of the thermal power installed on Gran Canaria). The main objective of this work is to improve the island system reliability by means of an FCUC formulation applied by the system operator in practice, including renewable sources. The results show that the frequency values remained within the admissible boundaries, but the system"s operational costs increased by around 13%.


  • Electronics


  • frequency-constrained unit commitment; operating costs; reserve allocation; inertia; islanded microgrids