Development of high performance powder metallurgy steels by high-energy milling Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2013


  • 5


  • 24

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0921-8831

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1568-5527


  • High-energy milling is considered to be one of the most efficient techniques for producing materials that have a well-controlled chemical composition and microstructural features that are difficult to obtain using other synthesis routes. In this study, the mechanical alloying technique (MA) was used to develop special powder metallurgy (PM) steels with two different types of properties. The use of this technique is essential for obtaining the target microstructure, which ensures the desired performance of the resulting material. Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels were produced using MA based on the prealloyed grade Fe-20Cr-5Al and Fe-14Cr-5Al-3 W steels with the addition of Ti and Y2O3 as reinforcements. The incorporation of Y2O3 enables a homogeneous dispersion of nano-oxides and nano-clusters in a submicron-grained structure that should enhance the mechanical properties up to 600 degrees C. In addition, the base alloying system, Fe-Cr-Al (Ti), should enable the development of protective oxide layers through high-temperature treatments, which improves the compatibility with the environment, avoids liquid-metal embrittlement and contributes to the increase of the mechanical response up to 600 degrees C. Furthermore, microalloyed powders can be obtained using MA and consolidated with a pressure-assisted sintering process in an attempt to control the final grain size, to achieve microalloyed steels, and to achieve an extraordinary balance of properties.


  • Chemistry
  • Materials science and engineering


  • mechanical alloying; microalloyed steels; ods steels; powder metallurgy