Perception of Artificial Intelligence in Spain Articles uri icon

publication date

  • October 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 14


  • 63

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0736-5853

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-324X


  • This paper analyses the perception of Artificial Intelligence (AI) by individuals in Spain and the factors associated with it. It uses data from 6308 individuals from a 2018 Spanish survey. A binary logit regression model is formulated and estimated for the attitude towards robots and AI and its possible determinants. As main results are that a gender gap is detected, and that people have a negative attitude if they are not interested in scientific discoveries and technological developments and if AI and robots are not useful at work.


  • Computer Science


  • perception; innovation; artificial intelligence; survey data; binary logit