Effect of mechanical alloying on the microstructural evolution of a ferritic ODS steel with (Y-Ti-Al-Zr) addition processed by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) Articles uri icon

authors

  • MACIA RODRIGUEZ, ERIC
  • GARCIA JUNCEDA AMEIGENDA, ANDREA
  • Serrano, Marta
  • HONG, SOON-JIK
  • CAMPOS GOMEZ, MONICA

publication date

  • August 2021

start page

  • 2582

end page

  • 2590

issue

  • 8

volume

  • 53

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1738-5733

abstract

  • The high-energy milling is one of the most extended techniques to produce Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) powder steels for nuclear applications. The consequences of the high energy mill process on the final powders can be measured by means of deformation level, size, morphology and alloying degree. In this work, an ODS ferritic steel, Fe¿14Cr¿5Al¿3W-0.4Ti-0.25Y2O3-0.6Zr, was fabricated using two different mechanical alloying (MA) conditions (Mstd and Mact) and subsequently consolidated by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). Milling conditions were set to evidence the effectivity of milling by changing the revolutions per minute (rpm) and dwell milling time. Differences on the particle size distribution as well as on the stored plastic deformation were observed, determining the consolidation ability of the material and the achieved microstructure. Since recrystallization depends on the plastic deformation degree, the composition of each particle and the promoted oxide dispersion, a dual grain size distribution was attained after SPS consolidation. Mact showed the highest areas of ultrafine regions when the material is consolidated at 1100 degrees C. Microhardness and small punch tests were used to evaluate the material under room temperature and up to 500 degrees C. The produced materials have attained remarkable mechanical properties under high temperature conditions.

keywords

  • mechanical alloying; ods steel; recrystallization; small punch test; spark plasma sintering (sps)