Smart visualization of mixed data Articles uri icon

published in

publication date

  • June 2021

start page

  • 472

end page

  • 485


  • 2


  • 4

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2571-905X


  • In this work, we propose a new protocol that integrates robust classification and visualization techniques to analyze mixed data. This protocol is based on the combination of the Forward Search Distance-Based (FS-DB) algorithm (GranĂ©, Salini, and Verdolini 2020) and robust clustering. The resulting groups are visualized via MDS maps and characterized through an analysis of several graphical outputs. The methodology is illustrated on a real dataset related to European COVID-19 numerical health data, as well as the policy and restriction measurements of the 2020-2021 COVID-19 pandemic across the EU Member States. The results show similarities among countries in terms of incidence and the management of the emergency across several waves of the disease. With the proposed methodology, new smart visualization tools for analyzing mixed data are provided.


  • Statistics


  • clustering; data visualization; mds; mixed data; robustness; outliers