Combining Surgical Navigation and 3D Printing for Less Invasive Pelvic Tumor Resections Articles uri icon

publication date

  • September 2021

start page

  • 133541

end page

  • 133551


  • 9

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2169-3536


  • Surgical interventions for musculoskeletal tumor resection are particularly challenging in the pelvic region due to their anatomical complexity and proximity to vital structures. Several techniques, such as surgical navigation or patient-specific instruments (PSIs), have been introduced to ensure accurate resection margins. However, their inclusion usually modifies the surgical approach making it more invasive. In this study, we propose to combine both techniques to reduce this invasiveness while improving the precision of the intervention. PSIs are used for image-to-patient registration and the installation of the navigation"s reference frame. We tested and validated the proposed setup in a realistic surgical scenario with six cadavers (12 hemipelvis). The data collected during the experiment allowed us to study different resection scenarios, identifying the patient-specific instrument configurations that optimize navigation accuracy. The mean values obtained for maximum osteotomy deviation or MOD (maximum distance between the planned and actual osteotomy for each simulated scenario) were as follows: for ilium resections, 5.9 mm in the iliac crest and 1.65 mm in the supra-acetabular region, and for acetabulum resections, 3.44 mm, 1.88 mm, and 1.97 mm in the supra-acetabular, ischial and pubic regions, respectively. Additionally, those cases with image-to-patient registration error below 2 mm ensured MODs of 2 mm or lower. Our results show how combining several PSIs leads to low navigation errors and high precision while providing a less invasive surgical approach.


  • patient-specific instruments; pelvic tumor resection; surgical navigation; 3d printing