Characterization of unconventional hydrogen flame propagation in narrow gaps Articles uri icon

publication date

  • March 2021

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 9


  • 3, 033101


  • 103

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2470-0045

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2470-0053


  • The physical limits of the unconventional flame propagation regimes recently discovered [Veiga-Lopez, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 174501 (2020)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.124.174501] are analyzed. These regimes appear in combustible gaseous mixtures approaching the lean quenching limit of hydrogen-air flames in narrow gaps. They are characterized by a split of the flame front into a dendritic and a bifurcating set of flame cells separated by nonburned material. A feature selection analysis utilizing dimensionless numbers is applied to reveal the most significant parameters governing the separation between unconventional and traditional flame propagation regimes. It is concluded that (a) the outbreak of unconventional propagation is mostly due to heat losses, (b) the phenomenon is governed by the Peclet number and only appears in thin channels, and (c) the Lewis number does not determine the propagation regime. Additionally, an equation describing the optimal border of the unconventional regime is derived from experiments.


  • Industrial Engineering
  • Physics


  • combustion; hydrogen flame propagation