Design and realization of a frequency reconfigurable antenna with wide, dual, and single¿band operations for compact sized wireless applications Articles uri icon

publication date

  • January 2021

issue

  • 11

volume

  • 10

abstract

  • This paper presents a compact and simple reconfigurable antenna with wide¿band, dual-band, and single¿band operating modes. Initially, a co¿planar waveguide¿fed triangular monopole antenna is obtained with a wide operational frequency band ranging from 4.0 GHz to 7.8 GHz. Then, two additional stubs are connected to the triangular monopole through two p¿i¿n diodes. By electrically switching these p¿i¿n diodes ON and OFF, different operating frequency bands can be attained. When turning ON only one diode, the antenna offers dual¿band operations of 3.3¿4.2 GHz and 5.8¿7.2 GHz. Meanwhile, the antenna with single¿band operation from 3.3 GHz to 4.2 GHz can be realized when both of the p¿i¿n diodes are switched to ON states. The proposed compact size antenna with dimensions of 0.27¿0 × 0.16¿0 × 0.017¿0 at the lower operating frequency (3.3 GHz) can be used for several wireless applications such as worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX), wireless access in the vehicular environment (WAVE), and wireless local area network (WLAN). A comparative analysis with state¿of¿the¿art works exhibits that the presented design pos-sesses advantages of compact size and multiple operating modes. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

keywords

  • 5g compact c¿band multi¿mode operation reconfigurable antenna