Towards Low Latency and Resource-Efficient FPGA Implementations of the MUSIC Algorithm for Direction of Arrival Estimation Articles uri icon


  • Butt, Uzma M.
  • Khan, Shoab A.
  • Khaliq, Abdul
  • Zahir, Ali

publication date

  • August 2021

start page

  • 3351

end page

  • 3362


  • 8


  • 68

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1549-8328

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-0806


  • The estimation of the Direction of Arrival (DoA) is one of the most critical parameters for target recognition, identification and classification. MUltiple SIgnal Classification (MUSIC) is a powerful technique for DoA estimation. The algorithm requires complex mathematical operations like the computation of the covariance matrix for the input signals, eigenvalue decomposition and signal peak search. All these signal processing operations make real-time and resource-efficient implementation of the MUSIC algorithm on Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) a challenge. In this paper, a novel design approach is proposed for the FPGA-implementation of the MUSIC algorithm. This approach enables a significant reduction in both FPGA resources and latency. In more detail, the proposed design enables the estimation of DoA in real-time scenarios in 2μ sec with 30% to 50% fewer resources as compared to existing techniques.


  • direction of arrival; music; array signal processing; fpga